Android phone wireframing skills

Changing the orientation of Android phone

Initially, the Android phone is shown vertically in the wireframe. If your apps works under a horizontal layout, you can change its orientation. To adjust the orientation, right click on the phone border and select Orientation > Horizontal/Vertical from the popup menu.

Changing orientation of Android phone
Changing orientation of Android phone
NOTE: You can only change orientation when there is no wireframe element created inside the phone body

Show/Hide action bar

To hide the action bar and toolbar, right click on the phone border and select Action Bar > Show or Action Bar > Show with Drawer from the popup menu.

Show action bar
Show action bar

Show/Hide keyboard

To show the keyboard, right click on the phone border and select Show Keyboard from the popup menu.

Show keyboard
Show keyboard

This shows the keybaord at the bottom of the phone:

Keyboard shown
Keyboard shown

Show/Hide Android phone frame

The frame of the Android phone is shown by default. If you want to hide it, right click on the background of the wireframe and de-select Show Android Phone Frame from the popup menu. Note that this option only affects the appearance of the wireframe during editing. The frame will remain visible for images exported or output in document.

Scroll to device

If you have scrolled to somewhere far away from the wireframe, you can scroll jump back to the device by right clicking on the background of the wireframe and selecting Scroll to Device from the popup menu. The wireframe will re-appear at the center of the window immediately.

Creating a wireframe element

Method 1 - Diagram toolbar: Select-and-Click

  1. Select the desired wireframe element from the diagram toolbar (e.g. Label).
    Create a label by selecting it from the diagram toolbar
    Create a label by selecting it from the diagram toolbar
  2. Click on the wireframe, at the position where you want the wireframe element to be created.

Method 2 - Diagram toolbar: Drag and drop

  1. Press on the desired wireframe element in the diagram toolbar
  2. Hold the mouse button.
  3. Drag to the wireframe.
    Create a Label with drag-and-drop
    Create a Label with drag-and-drop
  4. Release the mouse button in the wireframe, at the position where you want the wireframe element to be created.

Method 3 - Popup menu

  1. Right click on the wireframe, at the position where you want the wireframe element to be created.
  2. Select Add Shape > %SHAPE_TYPE% from the popup menu, where %SHAPE_TYPE% is the kind of wireframe element you want to create.
    Creating a wireframe element via the popup menu
    Creating a wireframe element via the popup menu

Method 4 - Through smart create resource

  1. Click directly on the wireframe, at the position where you want the wireframe element to be created. You should see a green icon appears, known as the Smart Create resource.
    Creating a wireframe element using Smart Resource
    Creating a wireframe element using Smart Resource
  2. Press on the Smart Create resource and hold the mouse button.
  3. Drag to outline the size of the wireframe element to be created.
    Creating a label in specific size
    Creating a label in specific size
  4. Release the mouse button. In the popup menu, choose the type of wireframe element to be created.
    Choosing the wireframe element to be created
    Choosing the wireframe element to be created

Method 5 - Double-clicking (Label and annotation only)

To create a label, double-click on the wireframe and enter the label caption.

Creating a label
Creating a label

To create an annotation, double-click outside the phone border and enter the annotation text.

Entering annotation text
Entering annotation text

Accurate positioning of wireframe element using the alignment guide

Alignment guide is a dotted line that appears when you move wireframe elements in a wireframe. It helps you to align elements perfectly with others. Simply select element(s) and drag it around. When the selection approaches another element in the wireframe, you can adjust the positioning of the selection with the help of the guide.

Using the alignment guide
Using the alignment guide

Adjusting font property of wireframe elements

For wireframe elements that can display text, you can adjust their font properties like the font familiy and font style. To adjust font properties:

  1. Right click on the desired wireframe element and select Font... from the popup menu.
    Set font
    Set font
  2. Edit the font properties in the Font window and click OK to confirm.
    The Font window
    The Font window

Setting color for wireframe elements

In case you want to colorize your wireframe, you can set the color of wireframe elements by taking the steps below.

  1. Right click on the desired wireframe element and select Color... from the popup menu.
    Set color
    Set color
  2. Edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm. Note that different wireframe elements support different settings. For example, while text field support editing font color, list view doesn't.
    Editing color properties
    Editing color properties

    You will then see the new color applied.
    Color applied
    Color applied

Duplicating wireframe elements

Duplicating wireframe elements enables you to create new elements based on the existing ones. This saves you a lot of time in creating elements with same/similar style, size and content to the existine ones.

To duplicate wireframe elements:

  1. Drag in the wireframe to select a range of elements to be duplicated.
    Selecting wireframe elements to duplicate
    Selecting wireframe elements to duplicate
  2. At the bottom of your selection, press on the Duplicate resource icon and hold the mouse button.
  3. Drag it.
    To duplicate wireframe elements
    To duplicate wireframe elements
  4. Release the mouse button at the position where you want the wireframe element to be created.
    Wireframe elements duplicate
    Wireframe elements duplicate
  5. Touch-up the duplicate elements.
    Renamed a label
    Renamed a label
NOTE: Instead of dragging the Duplicate resource, you may also click on it..

Using stereotypes and tagged values in wireframe

Like most model elements, you can add stereotypes and tagged values to wireframe widgets. The stereotype mechanism allows you to create "typed" widgets. For example, you can create a stereotype "password field" for wireframe text field widget. Then, when you draw a wireframe, you can create a "password field" by assigning the "password field" stereotype to a text field.

Tagged values allows you to add custom properties to wireframe widgets. For example you can add a "screen ID" field to widgets for associating the widgets to components in an actual screen design.

You can add and edit stereotypes and tagged values both in the specification of wireframe widgets. To open specification, right click on a widget and select Open Specification... from the popup menu.

Note that the stereotypes and tagged values added to a wireframe widget is shared across all states, which means that you will see the same stereotypes and tagged values added to a widget in all wireframe states.

Annotating wireframe with Annotation shape

The use of annotations in wireframe allows you to detail the elements on the wireframe. With annotation, you can describe or explain the existence of certain wireframe element, as well as to describe the calls to action and the expected results.

In order to keep the wireframe content readable, annotations are forced to put outside the phone border. In other words, you cannot create or move an annotation inside the phone body.

To create an annotation:

  1. Double click on the background (i.e. the blue region) of the wireframe.
  2. Enter the annotation text.
    Entering annotation text
    Entering annotation text
  3. Press on the arrow resource and hold the mouse button.
    To annotate a wireframe element
    To annotate a wireframe element
  4. Drag to the wireframe element to annotate it.
    Label annotated
    Label annotated

Wireframing tips - Image

You can use an image component to represent a picture, a placeholder of advertisement, video, map or web component. When you create an image in a wireframe, you see a box with a cross in it. This is how an image should be shown in a wireframe but if you want to specify the content of the image, right click on the image component and select Image from the popup menu. Then, choose the image file (*.jpg, *.jpeg, *.gif, *.png, *.bmp) to be embeded into the image component.

To embed image into image component
To embed image into image component

To represent an advertisement, video, map or web component, right click on the image component and select Advertisement, Video, Map and Web respectively.

Image component showed as video
Image component showed as video

Showing Android icon

You can also use an image component to show an Android icon for a tab bar. To show an Android icon, right click on the image component and select Android... from the popup menu. In the popup window, choose the icon to show and click OK to confirm.

Choosing an Android icon
Choosing an Android icon

Wireframing tips - Label

Specifying the content of label

To specify the content of a label, double click on the label and enter the content. You can press Enter to create a new line or press Ctrl-Enter to confirm editing. You may need to resize the label afterwards in order to see the content entered.

Specifying the content of label
Specifying the content of label

Showing multiple labels

The label component is in fact a placeholder of label. You can show multiple labels in it by increasing the height of the label component.

Creating more labels
Creating more labels

To adjust the spacing between labels in a label component, select the label and drag the handler attached with the second label. Space will be added by dragging downwards.

Adjusting the spacing between labels
Adjusting the spacing between labels

 

NOTE: When a label has specified content, you cannot show multiple labels in it.

Adjusting label or font size

When the content is filled, the size of label(s) or text in label can be changed. To adjust the font, click on the label component. Then, click on the Font Size button. After that, drag the slider or press + or - to adjust the font size.

Adjusting label size
Adjusting label size

Adjusting font color

When a label component has text content filled, you can set its color by clicking on the label component first. Then, click on the Font Color button. After that, edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm.

Adjusting font color of label
Adjusting font color of label

Wireframing tips - Text Field

Specifying the content of text field

To specify the content of text field, double click on the text field and enter the content. You may need to resize the text field afterwards in order to see the content entered.

Specifying the content of text field
Specifying the content of text field

Showing the text field as a search field

Search field is a kind of text field that allows user to specify a search string and trigger searching. To show a text field as a search field, right click on the text field component and select Type > Search or Type > Search with Icon from the popup menu.

A search field
A search field

Wireframing tips - Button

Editing button caption

To edit the caption of button, double click on the button and enter the caption. You may need to resize the button afterwards in order to see the caption entered.

Entering button caption
Entering button caption

Wireframing tips - Toggle Button

Editing button caption

To edit the caption of button, double click on the button and enter the caption. You may need to resize the button afterwards in order to see the caption entered.

Entering button caption
Entering button caption

Altering the state of button

To alter the state of a switch, select the switch first. Then, click the line at the bottom of the button to change its state.

Altering the state of toggle button
Altering the state of toggle button

Wireframing tips - Switch

Editing switch caption

To edit the caption of a switch, double click on the text in the switch and enter the caption. You may need to resize the switch afterwards in order to see the caption entered.

Entering switch caption
Entering switch caption

Altering the state of switch

To alter the state of a switch, select the switch first. Then, click on the inactive end of the switch to switch to that end.

Altering switch state
Altering switch state

Wireframing tips - Checkbox

Creating the checkboxes

The checkbox component is in fact a placeholder of checkboxes. You can show multiple checkboxes in it by increasing the height of the checkbox component.

Creating more checkboxes
Creating more checkboxes

To adjust the spacing between checkboxes in a checkbox component, select the checkbox and drag the handler between the first and the second checkbox. Space will be added by dragging downwards.

Adjusting the spacing between checkboxes
Adjusting the spacing between checkboxes

Specifying the value of checkbox

To specify the value of a checkbox, double click on the label attached with the checkbox and enter the value. You may need to resize the checkbox afterwards in order to see the content entered.

Entering the value of a checkbox
Entering the value of a checkbox

Checking a checkbox

To check a checkbox, simply click on the checkbox. You can uncheck it by clicking again.

Checking checkboxes
Checking checkboxes

Wireframing tips - Radio Button

Creating the radio buttons

The radio button component is in fact a radio button group. You can show multiple radio buttons in it by increasing the height of the radio button component.

Creating more radio buttons
Creating more radio buttons

To adjust the spacing between radio buttons in a radio button component, select the radio button and drag the handler between the first and the second radio button. Space will be added by dragging downwards.

Adjusting the spacing between radio buttons
Adjusting the spacing between radio buttons

Specifying the value of radio button

To specify the value of a radio button, double click on the label attached with the radio button and enter the value. You may need to resize the radio button afterwards in order to see the content entered.

Specifying the value of radio button
Specifying the value of radio button

Selecting a radio button

To select a radio button, simply click on the radio button. You can uncheck it by clicking again.

Selecting a radio button
Selecting a radio button

Wireframing tips - Spinner

Specifying the items in a spinner

By default, a spinner has no items specified. You can add a list of items into a spinner by clicking on the down arrow on the right of the spinner and then click on <Add Item> and start entering the item.

Adding an item to spinner
Adding an item to spinner

Changing the selected item in a spinner

To change the selected item of a spinner, click on the down arrow on the right of the spinner, then check the item to select it.

Selecting an item in spinner
Selecting an item in spinner

Removing an items from a spinner

To remove an item from a spinner, click on the down arrow on the right of the spinner, then select the item to be removed and click on the cross button on the right to remove it.

Removing an item from spinner
Removing an item from spinner

Wireframing tips - Progress Bar

Adjusting the progress

To adjust progress, select the progress bar first. Then drag the handler in the middle towards left or right to control the progress.

Adjusting the progress of progress bar
Adjusting the progress of progress bar

Wireframing tips - Seek Bar

Adjusting the slider position

To adjust silder position, select the seek bar first. then drag the handler in the middle towards left or right to control the position.

Adjusting the slider position
Adjusting the slider position

Wireframing tips - Ranking Bar

Adding more stars

To add more stars to a ranking bar, select the ranking bar first. Then, extend the ranking bar to let more stars appear.

Adding more stars to a ranking bar
Adding more stars to a ranking bar

Adjusting the number of filled stars

To adjust the number of filled stars, select the ranking bar first. Then, fill the stars by clicking on a star in the ranking bar.

Adjusting the number of filled stars
Adjusting the number of filled stars

Wireframing tips - Panel

Containing existing components with panel

Panel is a useful wireframe component that helps you to visualize the different areas of a screen design. You can put other wireframe components in a panel and move the panel around to reposition the wireframe components at the same time.

To create a panel and make it contains existing components:

  1. Select Panel from the diagram toolbar.
  2. Press on the wireframe and hold your mouse button.
  3. Drag to form the size of the panel to be created. Wireframe components contained entirely in the drag range will be contained by the panel.
    Creating a panel
    Creating a panel
  4. Release the mouse button to create the panel.
    Panel created
    Panel created

Changing background color

To change the background color of a panel, click on the panel first. Then, click on the Background Color button on top of the panel. After that, edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm.

Adjusting fill color
Adjusting fill color

Hiding the border of panel

To hide the border of panel, click on the panel first. Then, click on the Hide Border button. You can click again to show the border again.

Panel with border hidden
Panel with border hidden

Making the corner of panel rounded

To make the corner of a panel rounded, click on the panel first. Then, drag on the handler on the top-left corner to adjust the size of the rounded corner. The four corners will be updated accordingly.

Making the corner of panel rounded
Making the corner of panel rounded

Wireframing tips - List View

Adjusting row height (for single row)

To adjust the height of a row, drag directly on the row separator under the row. By doing so, the row will be expanded or contracted.

Adjusting row height of a list view
Adjusting row height of a list view

Adjusting rows height (for all rows)

To adjust the height of all rows in a list view, drag on the handler attached to the row separator between the first and the second row to resize all rows at the same time.

Adjusting rows' height of a list view
Adjusting rows' height of a list view

Wireframing tips - Grid View

Adjusting column width

To adjust column width, drag directly on the column separator nearby. By doing so, the adjacent columns will be updated in their width.

Adjusting column width of a table
Adjusting column width of a table

Adding more columns

To add more columns to a table, select the table first. Then, drag on the handler attached to the column separator between the first and the second column to create more columns.

Adding more columns to a table
Adding more columns to a table

Adding more rows

When you put a wireframe component (e.g. a label component) into a table component, a new row will be created automatically.

Table with one row
Table with one row

You may also add a row manually by right clicking on the table and selecting Add Row from the popup menu.

Adding row to a table
Adding row to a table

Wireframing tips - Tab Host

Editing the caption of a tab

To edit the caption of a tab, double click on the tab and enter the title.

Editing the tab caption
Editing the tab caption

Adding more tabs

To add more tabs to a tab host, select the tab host first. Then, drag on the handler attached to the separator between tabs to create more segments.

Adding more tabs to a tab host
Adding more tabs to a tab host

Changing the active tab

To change the active tab, select the tab host first. Then, click on the tab directly in the tab host.

Changing the selected tab in a tab host
Changing the selected tab in a tab host

Wireframing tips - Dialog

Editing the content of labels and buttons in a dialog

To edit the content of labels and buttons in a dialog, double click on the label or button and enter the content. You may need to resize the label or the dialog afterwards in order to see the content entered.

Editing the message in a dialog
Editing the message in a dialog

Wireframing tips - Menu

Adjusting row height (for single row)

To adjust the height of a row, drag directly on the row separator under the row. By doing so, the row will be expanded or contracted.

Adjusting row height of a menu
Adjusting row height of a menu

Adjusting rows height (for all rows)

To adjust the height of all rows in a menu, drag on the handler attached to the row separator between the first and the second row to resize all rows at the same time.

Adjusting rows' height of a menu
Adjusting rows' height of a menu

Wireframing tips - Toasts

Editing the message

To edit the message of a toasts, double click on the toasts and enter the message.

Editing the toasts message
Editing the toasts message

Wireframing tips - Rectangle

Changing background color

To change the background color of a rectangle, click on the rectangle first. Then, click on the Background Color button on top of the rectangle. After that, edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm.

Adjusting fill color
Adjusting fill color

Adjusting the thickness of border

To adjust the thickness of the border of a rectangle, click on the rectangle first. Then, click on the Line Width button. After that, drag the slider or press + or - to adjust the thickness.

Adjusting the thickness of border
Adjusting the thickness of border

Making the corner of rectangle rounded

To make the corner of a rectangle rounded, click on the rectangle first. Then, drag on the handler on top-left to adjust the size of the rounded corner. The four corners will be updated accordingly.

Making the corner of rectangle rounded
Making the corner of rectangle rounded

Wireframing tips - Oval

Changing background color

To change the background color of an oval, click on the oval first. Then, click on the Background Color button on top of the oval. After that, edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm.

Adjusting fill color
Adjusting fill color

Adjusting the thickness of border

To adjust the thickness of the border of an oval, click on the oval first. Then, click on the Line Width button. After that, drag the slider or press + or - to adjust the thickness.

Adjusting the thickness of border
Adjusting the thickness of border

Wireframing tips - Polygon

Adding a side

To add a side, select the polygon first. Then, drag on the white handler attached to the border of the polygon to split a border into two.

Adding a side
Adding a side

Then adjust the position of the new point.

Polygon edited
Polygon edited

Changing background color

To change the background color of a polygon, click on the polygon first. Then, click on the Background Color button on top of the polygon. After that, edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm.

Adjusting fill color
Adjusting fill color

Adjusting the thickness of border

To adjust the thickness of the border of a polygon, click on the polygon first. Then, click on the Line Width button. After that, drag the slider or press + or - to adjust the thickness.

Adjusting the thickness of border
Adjusting the thickness of border

Wireframing tips - Line

Adding a point

To add a point, select the line first. Then, drag on the white handler on the line to create a new point.

Adding a point
Adding a point

Then adjust the position of the point.

Line edited
Line edited

Changing border color

To change the border color of a line, click on the line first. Then, click on the Border Color button on top of the line. After that, edit the color properties in the Color window and click OK to confirm.

Adjusting line color
Adjusting line color

Adjusting the line width

To adjust the width of the border of an oval, click on the line first. Then, click on the Line Width button. After that, drag the slider or press + or - to adjust the width.

Adjusting line width
Adjusting line width

Related Resources

The following resources may help you to learn more about the topic discussed in this page.

Trademark Disclaimer

Android is a trademark of Google Inc.

 
2. What is a wireframe state? Table of Contents 4. Android tablet wireframing skills
 

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