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Cause and Effect Diagram

Cause and Effect Diagrams are sometimes referred to as Fishbone Diagrams because they resemble the skeleton of a fish, with a head, spine, and bones. The Cause and Effect diagram is useful for exploring all the potential factors that may be causing or contributing to a particular problem (or effect).

Cause and Effect Diagram

Benefits of using the Diagram

  • Serve as an effective communication tool for brainstorming, especially when you are dealing with a very complex problem.
  • Visualize all the potential contributors to a problem for further investigation, analysis and corrective actions.
  • Organize discussions to stay focused on the current issues.

How to Develop a Cause and Effect Diagram

  • Establish the problem (or effect) which must be stated in clear in concise terms and agreed by the team members.
  • Decide the major categories of causes.
  • Write the major categories in boxes parallel to and with some distance from the main line. Connect them to the main line with slanting arrows.
  • Brainstorm for possible causes. Add the causes to the diagram clustered around the major causes they influence.
  • Evaluate and analyze the possible causes.
  • Use the finding to decide what actions should be taken.

How to Develop a Cause and Effect in Visual Paradigm?

Cause and Effect Diagram is a one of the project management diagrams of Visual Paradigm. To create such a diagram:

  1. Select Diagram > New from the main menu.
  2. Select Cause and Effect Diagram and click Next.
  3. Enter the diagram name and click OK.
  4. Rename and Problem and Categories based on the problem that you are going to study.
  5. Progressively develop the diagram by identifying more causes.


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